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ÁdeyanOrthography

Page history last edited by faiuwle 15 years, 4 months ago

Ádeyan Orthography

 

2.1  Alphabet

 

Ádeyan uses an alphabet which is phonemic for the most part.  The characters are:  

 

Phoneme Letter Romanization
/a/ a
/e/ e
/i/ i
/o/ o
/u/ u
/j/ y
Phoneme Letter Romanization
/p/ p
/t/ t
/k/ k
/b/ b
/d/
d
/g/ g

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phoneme Letter Romanization
/f/ f
/θ/ th
/s/ s
/ʃ/ x
/ʒ/ z
/h/ h
Phoneme Letter Romanization
/ʧ/ c
/ʤ/ j
/m/ m
/n/ n
/l/ l
/ɾ/ r

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Occasionally, h ()  appears at the beginning of Ádeyan words, but as it does not represent a real phoneme in that position, it is not transcribed.  Some words which came fully ot partly from Syûzin do in fact begin with /h/, in which case the h character at the beginning of them is usually pronounced (such as Hárixya, which is /haɾiʃja/ and realized as [haɾɪsjɐ], originally coming from Syûzin /hariʂ/ plus the Ádeyan classifier ya).  In that case, the h is transcribed.

 

Ádeyan is written from right to left, and does not mark stress except in books for teaching children to read, where it is marked with a verticle line over the stressed vowels.  Stress is, however, marked in transliteration with accute accents, except in one-syllable wordsd (which are always unstressed) and two-syllable words (which are always trochaic).  When bare roots are transcribed, all lexical stresses are marked.

 

2.2  Numbers

 

Ádeyan uses a base-9 number system, although occasionally modified Syûzin numerals are used to write in base 10, mostly in official documents and ledgers, as Syûzin (base-10) math was thought to have been superior to Ádeyan math, at least by the upper crust.  However, the vast majority of Ádeyans continue to use the original base-9 Ádeyan system for their daily activities and transactions.

 

The numerals are as follows:

 

Value Ádeyan Numeral Ádeyan Name Syûzin Numeral
0   saf  
1   lu  
2   to  
3   re  
4   se  
5   cu  
6   fri  
7   de  
8   xa  
9   the  

 

(These evolved from an old system of cross-hatched numerals, beginning with the "simple" forms I, II, III for the three classes, adding horizontal bars to reach higher values.  See the section below on Number Theory.)

 

For the remainder of this section, base-9 numbers are written in bold, while base-10 numbers are in regular type.

 

Numbers between 10 (9) and 20 (18) are read as thelu (11) through thexa (18).  20 is tothe, continuing with tóthelu (21), tótheto (22), etc., and so on until 88 (80) (xáthexa).  100 (81) is pole, a contraction of (polda the, large 10). 1000 (729) is simply thépole (or, 10 x 100).  10000 (6561) is dazer, which is a loanword from Syûzin.

 

2.2.1 Number Theory

 

Since it uses an odd number base, it doesn't make sense to have "even" and "odd" numbers in Ádeyan - instead there are three number classes, based off of the number 1, 2, and 3, appropriately called luya, toya, and reya.  When using Syûzin numbers, only luya and toya are used, and correspond to "odd" and "even".  In the native base-9 system, however, reya is much closer to the meaning of "even". 

 

Luya, toya and reya numbers alternate in that order as they ascend, much like even and odd numbers do.  Every luya number ends in 1, 4, or 7, every toya number ends in 2, 5, or 8, and every reya number ends in 3, 6, or 0.

 

luya toya reya
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 10
11 12 13
14 15 16
17 18 20

 

Like odd and even numbers, these groups have certain arithmetical properties:

 

Luya + Luya = Toya (1 + 4 = 5, 11 + 7 = 18)

Toya + Toya = Luya (2 + 2 = 4, 12 + 8 = 21)

Luya + Toya = Reya (4 + 5 = 10, 1 + 12 = 13)

Xya + Reya = Xya (7 + 6 = 14, 5 + 13 = 18)

 

Xya - Xya = Reya (14 - 4 = 10, 15 - 2 = 13

Luya - Roya = Toya (7 - 5 = 2, 14 - 8 = 5)

Toya - Luya = Luya (8 - 4 = 4, 12 - 4 = 7)

Reya - Luya = Toya (3 - 1 = 2, 16 - 7 = 8)

Reya - Toya = Luya (3 - 2 = 1, 16 - 8 = 7)

Xya - Reya = Xya (8 - 6 = 2, 14 - 6 = 7)

 

Luya x Luya = Luya (4 x 4 = 17, 7 x 4 = 31)

Toya x Toya = Luya (2 x 2 = 4, 2 x 5 = 11)

Luya x Toya = Toya (4 x 2 = 8, 7 x 2 = 15)

Xya x Reya = Reya (3 x 2 = 6, 3 x 4 = 13)

 

On to Noun Morphology.

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